Jun 17

More LaTeX Tips for Your Thesis – Quoting

Quoting in standard LaTeX has got a few drawbacks:

• Depending on which language-packages you use, you sometimes need `"'`, sometimes just `"` for quotes (otherwise it might print umlauts).
• Switching between the type of quotation marks late means you have to replace them throughout your document.
• You have to pay attention to using different quotation marks when nesting them.
• Literal quotes are not directly associated to the reference you give. And you cannot easily search for them in your document (`\cite` also appears independently of quotes, quotation marks also appear for other reasons):
"'To be or not to be"'\cite{hamlet}

The package to solve all of your quotation problems is called csquotes.

\usepackage[ngerman, english]{babel}
\usepackage[
autostyle=true,
german=quotes,
english=british,
french=guillemets
]{csquotes
}

In case you don’t know, the babel package provides basic internationalisation support, e.g. for splitting words at the correct positions.The csquotes package’s `autostyle` option depends on the babel package for recognising your document language. It then sets the type of quotation marks according to the mapping given in the options.

Here is a small usage example:

And he was like: \enquote{We were in a drinking establishment called \enquote{The Foo Bar}.}\\

\textcquote[p. 44]{hamlet}{To be, or not to be: that is the question
}

The first line introduces the `\enquote` command, which basically just places the text in the appropriate quotation marks. However, for the nested quote, the marks are automatically switched to double quotes. The `\textcquote` command associates a quote with a citation and behaves mostly like manual quoting with an added `\cite`. The output looks like this:

Since csquotes has got many more options than these, you might want to refer to the manual.